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Ingredients Directory

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
F

Fats. Acquired from animal fat, oil seeds, or fruit pulp. They are used as lotion or salve in cosmetics. They can be solid, semisolid, or liquid.

Fatty Acids. Organic oils found in vegetable and animal fats. Excellent skin emollients and an important part of the diet.

Fatty Alcohols. Thick to semi-thick syrup-like liquids. Give high emolliency. Can be natural or man-made. Sometimes used in hair and skin-conditioners, creams, lotions, and conditioning shampoos.

FDA. The Food and Drug Administration. The federal agency responsible for managing the safety and strength of all foods and drugs, and cosmetics sold in the US.

FD&C. When preceded by the name of a color, the Food and Drug Administration has certified the coloring safe for use in food, drugs, and cosmetics.

Flacon. A small bottle with a stopper used to hold perfume, usually a decorative or collectible item.

Fluid Ounces. Unit of volume in the U.S. system of weights and measures. Used to measure liquid, one fluid ounce is equal to 29.57 milliliters.

Fluoride. Fluoride is toxic. It is however used in toothpaste as an antienzyme ingredient to slow down tooth decay. It is added to the water supply in some states and sites.

Formaldehyde. Colorless, harsh, irritating substance that is found in many preservatives. It is severely toxic when inhaled or swallowed. 44% of all people whose skin is exposed to it get an irritating reaction. It is used in shampoos at concentrations of .1% to .2%. Methanol is sometimes added to formaldehyde at a 15% concentration to prevent polymerization.

Fragrance. Sweet pleasing odor used to enhance products of all kinds, especially in the beauty industry. May be used in differing concentrations for various products.

Fragrance-Free. No added fragrances; just the natural aroma of the ingredients.

Fragrance Oil. A concentrated product used in the creation of perfume, cologne or toilet water.

Free –Radical. Circulating substances in the body that could cause a breakdown of the immune system and lead to disease processes or infection.

Free Radicals. Unstable or chemically incomplete molecules which can be formed within skin as a result of sun, pollution and stress. These molecules may "steal" particles from other molecules thus creating more unstable compounds and setting off a chain reaction that can damage cells. Anti-oxidants such as Vitamins C and E fight free radical action that can weaken epidermal support, resulting in wrinkling of skin, dryness, loss of skin elasticity and premature aging.

Fruit Acids. Found in various fruits and herbs. They are used in masks and moisturizers for their ability to moisturize and exfoliate the skin. Fruit acids are used in concentrations as low as .25% and as high as 8%. The higher concentrations increase the "heat" of the product and the peeling action. It can also cause skin irritation in some people.

Full Bodied. A rich-scented fragrance.